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How The Economical Insurance made unauthorized two extra withdrawals from my bank account causing NSF (Non-Sufficient Funds), canceled my auto insurance because of this NSF, refused to reinstate my auto insurance, lied to me, ruined my driving history with not existing claim…
Knowing the game and how not to get duped series


An argument is used to support conclusion. An argument uses a set of facts or assumptions. An argument is a reason or reasons offered for or against something.

A set of facts or assumptions (proposition) upon which an argument is based or from which a conclusion is drawn, is called premise.

An argument that is logically inconsistent and fails to create a compelling case for its conclusion might contain error in reasoning, or fallacy (From the Latin fallacia (“deceit,” “trick,” or “fraud”).

An argument that is not supported by and is incompatible with logic when analyzed with care is called fallacious argument (deceptive argument).

Missing the Point

Missing the Point (or Ignorance of Refutation) fallacy, also known as Ignoratio Elenchi, Ignorance of Refutation, Irrelevant Conclusion, is one of 13 fallacies of the man who invented Western philosophy, Aristotle.

Description (Logic)

A set of statements leads to conclusion X. Yet conclusion Y is drawn.

An argument is given from which a perfectly valid and sound conclusion may be drawn, yet the stated conclusion is something else.

For Example

You have a cough, and I don’t. You smoke. So let’s see a movie.


At a televised debate between political party leaders, the mediator asks, “If your party is elected, what would you do about the rising unemployment numbers ?”

A party leader responds, “I’m glad you asked, because unemployment is the greatest problem facing our province. Taking decisive measures towards the unemployment in our province is our priority. The families of our province deserve better and we have the abilities and determination to make their life better and my opponents’ plan is completely insufficient.”


The respondent made an argument, but it didn’t answer the mediator’s concern and is therefore an irrelevant.

Sometimes this fallacy is used by people who want to prove something but do not know how, so they use any argument and then tack their desired conclusion on to the end. This is something that politicians often do.

This is effective persuasion when the listener does not work through the logic of the argument and is persuaded simply by the fact that some kind of argument is being used (as opposed to the conclusion being given as a simple statement). This can be encouraged by speaking with passion and apparent authority.

Judge for Yourself

In the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, a critic from an opposition party raises concerns over abuse of taxpayers’ money and asks the Health Minister:

“why costs have been allowed to get out of hand through this organization and why have the appropriate accountability measures not been put in place?”

Judge for yourself whether there is “missing the point” fallacy in the response of the Health Minister, Deborah Matthews.

Click on the image bellow

In Conclusion

Missing the Point
Two Wrongs Make a Right
Appeal to Fear
Personal Attack

With files from various sources

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ABOUT CFI: Canadians for Integrity (CFI) is a non-profit, non-partisan organization committed to identifying, challenging, and deterring public officials who sacrifice the common good to special interests.